The Meaning of Difference: American Constructions of Race, Sex and Gender, Social Class, Sexual Orientation, and Disability

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February 11, 2011


Mixed media product, 592 pages


0078111641 / 9780078111648


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Main description

The Meaning of Difference focuses on the social construction of difference as it operates in American formulations of race and ethnicity, sex and gender, social class, sexual orientation, and disability. The conceptual structure of this text-reader comes from four framework essays that addressing the construction of difference, the experience of difference, the social meaning of difference, and social actions that might bridge differences. Each framework essay is followed by a set of readings selected for readability, conceptual depth, and applicability to a variety of statuses. Boxed inserts throughout offer first-person accounts, many of them from students. The readings in this edition, which include twenty-four new readings and ten new personal accounts, have been selected to speak to contemporary assumptions of a “post-racial” America.

Table of contents

Preface SECTION I—CONSTRUCTING CATEGORIES OF DIFFERENCE Framework Essay WHAT IS RACE? WHAT IS ETHNICITY? 1. “Race” and the Construction of Human Identity, Audrey Smedley 2. Who Is Black? One Nation's Definition, F. James Davis 3. The Evolution of Identity, The Washington Post Personal Account: A Loaded Vacation, Niah Grimes 4. Real Indians: Identity and the Survival of Native America, Eva Marie Garroutte 5. Asian American Panethnicity: Contemporary National and Transnational Possibilities, Yen Le Espiritu Personal Account: I Thought My Race Was Invisible, Sherri H. Pereira 6. Whiteness as an 'Unmarked' Cultural Category, Ruth Frankenberg 7. America’s Changing Color Lines: Immigration, Race/Ethnicity, and Multiracial Identification, Jennifer Lee and Frank D. Bean Personal Account: The Price of Nonconformity, Julia Morgenstern 8. From Friendly Foreigner to Enemy Race, John Tehranian Personal Account: Master Status: Pride and Danger, Sumaya Al-Hajebi WHAT IS SEX? WHAT IS GENDER? 9. The Gendered Society, Michael S. Kimmel Personal Account: Basketball, Andrea M. Busch 10.Where’s the Rulebook for Sex Verification? Alice Dreger 11.All Together Now: Intersex Infants and IGM, Riki Wilchins WHAT IS SOCIAL CLASS? 12. What’s Class Got to Do with It?, Michael Zweig 13.More or Less Equal?, The Economist 14.The Silver Spoon: Inheritance and the Staggered Start, Stephen J. McNamee and Robert K. Miller Jr. Personal Account: I Am a Pakistani Woman, Hoorie I. Siddique WHAT IS SEXUAL ORIENTATION? 15.The Biology of the Homosexual, Roger N. Lancaster 16.A New Paradigm for Understanding Women’s Sexuality and Sexual Orientation, Letitia Anne Peplau and Linda D. Garnets 17.The Heterosexual Questionnaire, Martin Rochlin WHAT IS DISABILITY? 18. Disability Definitions: The Politics of Meaning, Mike Oliver Personal Account: Invisibly Disabled, Heather L. Shaw 19.A World of Their Own, Liza Mundy 20.Ethnicity, Ethics, and the Deaf-World, Harlan Lane SECTION II—EXPERIENCING DIFFERENCE Framework Essay RACE AND ETHNICITY 21. Formulating Identity in a Globalized World, Carola Suárez-Orozco Personal Account: Hair, Sarah Faragalla 22. Latinos in the U.S. Race Structure, Clara E. Rodríguez 23. Everybody’s Ethnic Enigma, Jelita McLeod Personal Account: My Strategies, Eric Jackson SEX AND GENDER 24.It’s All in the Family: Intersections of Gender, Race, and Nation, Patricia Hill Collins 25.Proving Manhood, Timothy Beneke Personal Account: Just Something You Did as a Man, Francisco Hernandez 26.Gendered Sexuality in Young Adulthood: Double Binds and Flawed Options, Laura Hamilton and Elizabeth A. Armstrong SEXUAL ORIENTATION 27. Beyond the Closet: The Transformation of Gay and Lesbian Life, Steven Seidman Personal Account: Living Invisibly, Tara S. Ellison 28. "Dude, You’re a Fag": Adolescent Male Homophobia, C.J. Pascoe 29. Sexual Orientation and Sex in Women’s Lives: Conceptual and Methodological Issues, Esther D. Rothblum SOCIAL CLASS 30. Class and the Transition to Adulthood, Annette Lareau and Elliott B. Weininger Personal Account: That Moment of Visibility, Rose B. Pascarell 31. Cause of Death: Inequality, Alejandro Reuss 32. Why Are Droves of Unqualified, Unprepared Kids Getting into Our Top Colleges? Because Their Dads Are Alumni, John Larew DISABILITY 33. Public Transit, John Hockenberry 34. "Can You See the Rainbow?"' The Roots of Denial, Sally French 35. Not Blind Enough: Living in the Borderland Called Legal Blindness, Beth Omansky Personal Account: A Time I Didn't Feel Normal, Heather Callender SECTION III—THE MEANING OF DIFFERENCE Framework Essay 36. Blink in Black and White, Malcolm Gladwell Personal Account: Just Like My Mama Said, Anthony McNeill 37.See Baby Discriminate, Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman 38.Between Barack and a Hard Place, Tim Wise 39.The Model Minority: Asian American “Success” as a Race Relations Failure, Frank Wu Personal Account: Let Me Work for It!, Isabelle Nguyen 40.The Gender Revolution: Uneven and Stalled, Paula England LAW, PUBLIC POLICY, AND ECONOMY 41.Thirteen Key Supreme Court Cases and the Civil War Amendments 42.Segregation: The Rising Costs for America, James H. Carr and Nandinee K. Kutty Personal Account: Learning My Own Privilege, Mireille M. Cecil 43.Land Rich, Dirt Poor: Challenges to Asset Building in Native America, Meizhu Liu, Bárbara J. Robles, Betsy Leondar-Wright, Rose M. Brewer, and Rebecca Adamson 44.Crossing the Color Line: A Historical Assessment and Personal Narrative of Loving v. Virginia, Robert A. Pratt POPULAR CULTURE 45.Framing Class: Media Representations of Wealth and Poverty in America, Diana Kendall 46.Loot or Find: Fact or Frame?, Cheryl L. Harris and Devon W. Carbado Personal Account: He Hit Her, Tim Norton 47.The Protean N-Word, Randall Kennedy 48.Disability and Representation, Rosemarie Garland-Thompson SECTION IV—BRIDGING DIFFERENCES Framework Essay 49.Lilly’s Big Day, Gail Collins 50.The Other Movement that Rosa Parks Inspired: By Sitting Down, She Made Room for the Disabled, Charles Wilson 51.Influencing Public Policy, Jeanine C. Cogan 52.What Can We Do? Becoming Part of the Solution, Allan G. Johnson Personal Account: Parents' Underestimated Love, Octavio N. Espinal 53.In Defense of Rich Kids, William Upski Wimsatt Personal Account: Where Are You From?, C.C. 54.Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice, Paul Kivel 55.I/Me/Mine: Intersectional Identities as Negotiated Minefields, Shuddhabrata Sengupta Credits Index

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